submitted by WittyUserName to CommunismIsJewish 1 hour ago
[i]The execution was delayed from the originally scheduled date of June 18, because Supreme Court Associate Justice William O. Douglas had granted a stay of execution on the previous day. That stay resulted from intervention in the case by Fyke Farmer, a Tennessee lawyer whose efforts had previously been scorned by the Rosenbergs&#039; attorney, Emanuel Hirsch Bloch.
The execution was scheduled for 11 p.m. that evening, during the Jewish Sabbath, which begins and ends around sunset. Bloch asked for more time, filing a complaint that execution on the Sabbath offended the defendants&#039; Jewish heritage. Rhoda Laks, another attorney on the Rosenbergs&#039; defense team, also made this argument before Judge Kaufman. The defense&#039;s strategy backfired. Kaufman, who also stated his concerns about executing the Rosenbergs on the Jewish Sabbath, rescheduled the execution for 8 p.m.&mdash;before sunset and the Sabbath&mdash;the regular time for executions at Sing Sing.
On June 19, 1953, Julius died after the first electric shock. Ethel&#039;s execution did not go smoothly. After she was given the normal course of three electric shocks, attendants removed the strapping and other equipment only to have doctors determine that Ethel&#039;s heart was still beating. Two more electric shocks were applied, and at the conclusion eyewitnesses reported that smoke rose from her head. Joseph Francel, then New York State Electrician, was the executioner.
The funeral services were held in Brooklyn on June 21. Ethel and Julius Rosenberg were buried at Wellwood Cemetery, a Jewish cemetery in Pinelawn, New York. The Times reported that 500 people attended, while some 10,000 stood outside:
The bodies had been brought from Sing Sing prison by the national &quot;Rosenberg committee&quot; which undertook the funeral arrangements, and an all-night vigil was held in one of the largest mortuary chapels in Brooklyn. Many hundreds of people filed past the biers. Most of them clearly regarded the Rosenbergs as martyred heroes and more than 500 mourners attended to-day&#039;s services, while a crowd estimated at 10,000 stood outside in burning heat. Mr. Bloch [their counsel], who delivered one of the main orations, bitterly exclaimed that America was &quot;living under the heel of a military dictator garbed in civilian attire&quot;: the Rosenbergs were &quot;Sweet. Tender. And Intelligent&quot; and the course they took was one of &quot;courage and heroism.&quot;
The Rosenbergs were the only two American civilians to be executed for espionage-related activity during the Cold War. Ethel was the last female convict to be electrocuted in the state of New York and also the first of only two women executed by the federal government in the 20th century, the other one being Bonnie Heady, also executed in 1953.[/i]